MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, YOGYAKARTA—Pancasila, Indonesia’s state ideology, encapsulates values of unity and justice. However, within its strong framework lies an intriguing story of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo’s role and Soekarno’s respect for him.
Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, a notable figure in Muhammadiyah, left a profound impression on Seokarno -best known as Bung Karno. Bung Karno was a Muhammadiyah member in Bengkulu, while at the same time Ki Bagus also held a position in the Muhammadiyah Central Board.
“That might be the reason why Bung Karno had immense respect for Ki Bagus Hadikusumo,” said a member of the Muhammadiyah for Library and Information Services, Ghifari Yuristiadi, in a discussion forum conducted at Masjid K.H. Sudja’ on Monday (August 7).
For Soekarno, Ki Bagus Hadikusumo’s role becomes more apparent when exploring the formation of the nation’s foundational principles, particularly within Pancasila. A significant change emerged in the first principle, initially stating “Belief in the One Supreme God, with the obligation to practice Islamic teachings for its followers.” Yet, through the involvement and negotiation of Kasman Singodimedjo, who endeavored to convince Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, the principle was revised to “Belief in the One and Only God.”
According to Ghifari Yuristiadi, Bung Karno greatly valued Ki Bagus Hadikusumo’s views due to their shared affiliation with Muhammadiyah. This connection could have fostered similar values, especially regarding religious diversity and national unity.
In this context, the significance of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo went beyond formulating Pancasila; he epitomized Muhammadiyah’s unity principles. Grasping the roles of both Pancasila and Ki Bagus Hadikusumo highlights that the nation’s foundation was not solely derived from individual contemplation but from a collaborative effort through dialogue and compromise involving diverse figures.
Hence, Ki Bagus Hadikusumo’s contribution to shaping Pancasila illustrates how collaboration among individuals with diverse backgrounds can establish a robust national foundation. His presence underscored the importance of inclusivity, dialogue, and unity in building Indonesia’s strong and diverse identity.